I want to consider some alternatives to Docker and Podman seems to be an often recommended one.
In this post I am going to take a quick look on how to install it and use it.
There is also Podman Desktop which is the Podman analogue of Docker Desktop.
The documentation for Podman is on ReadTheDocs.
One important bit about Podman is that it is compatible with Docker clients, so any Docker-related tutorial should be directly transferable to Podman, however I have not tried this myself.
I am using macOS and Podman can be installed using Homebrew, which is how I prefer to install new software on macOS. This is the command to use to install Podman using Homebrew:
brew install podman
When using Podman on macOS or Windows, it needs to install a Linux kernel to use for the container runtime. I think this has to do with the fact that the container runtime might be built on top of XLC or similar technology present on Linux but not present on macOS or Windows, but this is only my impression which I have not gone out of my way to confirm.
This Linux kernel can be started by running
podman machine but I am going to
instead use Podman Desktop and have it start it for me.
For my experiments with Podman I will lean towards using GUIs over CLIs for the most part I think.
Podman Desktop can be installed via a disk image on macOS, but like Podman, it can also be installed through Homebrew, which is what I’ll do.
brew install podman-desktop
This installs the Podman Desktop app into the Applications directory on macOS and right after the installation Podman Desktop can be called up using Spotlight by pressing Cmd+Space and searching for it by name.
Podman Desktop also installs a macOS Login Item which means it will start up on every OS boot and will start up the Linux kernal machine automatically.
The first-run experience includes this Login Item installation as well as Podman first-use initialization which I presume is really just the Linux kernel fetch and setup.
This process take a while! To the point where I wasn’t sure if it silently errored out or not.
I killed the first-run experience of Podman Desktop after a couple of minutes
and checked the output of the
podman machine list command.
This showed me there was a machine that seemingly got set up and was available.
Indeed when I restarted Podman Desktop it noticed there was a VM already running and used it.
There is an open issue for this in the Podman Desktop GitHub repository, see https://github.com/containers/podman-desktop/issues/1633.
If I weren’t using Podman Desktop, the commands to bring up the machine would be these:
podman machine init podman machine start
Podman Desktop puts an icon into the macOS menu bar which lists the machines and their state. This lets me see that the default machine is now running.
Regarding the Docker compatibility, I got this warning after restarting Podman Desktop:
Docker Socket Compatibility: Podman is not emulating the default Docker socket path: /var/run/docker.sock. Docker-specific tools may not work. See troubleshooting page on podman-desktop.io for more information.
Good to know but for now I am not interested in replacing Docker with Podman yet so I will ignore it.
The Podman Desktop UI structure is very similar to the Docker Desktop one so it is easy to feel right at home in Podman when one has experience with Docker.
The Podman Desktop site mentions a command that can be used to see if the Podman
CLI is working:
podman run quay.io/podman/hello.
Trying to pull quay.io/podman/hello:latest... Getting image source signatures Copying blob sha256:… Copying config sha256:… Writing manifest to image destination Storing signatures !... Hello Podman World ...! .--"--. / - - \ / (O) (O) \ ~~~| -=(,Y,)=- | .---. /` \ |~~ ~/ o o \~~~~.----. ~~ | =(X)= |~ / (O (O) \ ~~~~~~~ ~| =(Y_)=- | ~~~~ ~~~| U |~~ Project: https://github.com/containers/podman Website: https://podman.io Documents: https://docs.podman.io Twitter: @Podman_io
This seems to have worked, awesome!
There is also
It gives detailed information about Podman and the Linux kernel it uses.
Looks like the distro running in the machine is Fedora CoreOS.
Interestingly this doesn’t seem to give the Podman version itself, but that’s
easy to find in
The basics of using Podman are the same as using Docker: pull an image, run it in a container, potentially attach a volume to the container.
There is more to be explored, like networking and using Podman to run stuff like tests in isolation. I won’t be looking at any of that today, but I still want something to test with more than just the above Quay image, so let’s take a look at the top Docker images on Docker Hub and see what’s there to play with:
One of the interesting images in the
To install it using Podman Desktop, go to Images, search for
the one found (it should be the same one as in Docker Hub) and run it.
The output looks like this:
Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly. …
In order to try something more complex, we can check out the Docker image for the Mono runtime.
First I’ll create a Dockerfile like this:
FROM mono:latest RUN mono --version
Next I’ll build a container based on the Dockerfile:
podman build -t mono-sample .
Run the container using
podman run -i mono-sample.
-i to make sure it doesn’t close right away.
This takes us to an interactive console where we can call Mono:
mono --version # Mono JIT compiler version…
Mono also ships a C# REPL:
csharp 1 + 1 # 2 Console.WriteLine("test") # test Environment.Version # 4.… DateTimeOffset.Now # mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss +offset
This section is for information which is interesting to know, but doesn’t really belong to the main body of the post.
Podman (or at least Podman desktop) is made by Red Hat. Podman Desktop has opt-in built-in telemetry which is sent to Red Hat if turned on.
This post is a work in progress. There are things related to Podman that I want to try or learn about, but have not spent the time and effort to do so, yet. This is where I track these.
One thing I noticed about Docker is that is is quite large. It is not absurdly large, but it consistently comes out at the top when I am looking at the state of my Mac’s storage. I wonder if Podman is faring better in this regard. I am not sure either way, because I am guessing the bulk of the size is coming from the underlying bundled Linux machine running the runtime on macOS and Windows. I think on Linux Podman might be using LXC or something directly, so this extra space isn’t a thing there.